.… and there is scope for strengthening civil society itself

There are also a number of weaknesses and constraints within civil society that need to be addressed. These include:

  • the transparency and effectiveness with which civic groups voice community interests;
  • the capacities and resources within civil society, and the intensity of inputs that can be difficult to sustain or replicate;
  • the time needed for marginal groups such as women to gain experience and confidence in participating in formal structures;
  • the limited abilities of civil society to scale up successful examples;
  • the limitations imposed by community constraints, such as literacy and social stratification.


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Involvement in health

"Community participation"

Financing health systems

Use of resources
Interactive exercise