… and can bring these to state-civil fora, where they are trusted, to remedy the problems

These civic inputs may be made through a variety of forms:

  • structured participation, through the formal establishment of citizen bodies with defined functions, such as advisory councils, community forums, health centre committees, or through processes formally structured into programmes;
  • open participation, such as where processes do not formally involve civic groups but where input is invited at defined points and times from any groups, such as through inquiries, hearings, community meetings and public surveys;
  • informal or ad hoc participation, such as simply making officials accessible to citizen initiated comment and advocacy, media reports, one-off campaigns.

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Enhancing civil society

Priority health problems

Facilitating roles
Interactive exercise

Policy accountability

Equity in health
Responding to communities
The potential for success
Interactive exercise