There are two kinds of stakeholders:

site map
forward and back

Strengthening civil-state interactions

Identifying the civic organisations to work with

Working with communities
Supporting information exchange

Other skills
Checking our progress

Interactive exercise
  • primary stakeholders, who are directly affected, positively or negatively, by the process or programme;
  • secondary stakeholders, who are involved in the delivery process.

For example, in a malaria programme, organizations representing peasant farmers, women's groups and youth in the villages in the programme may be included as primary stakeholders. Secondary stakeholders will include the service NGOs and local government outreach health services. These might organize sprayers and chemicals and facilitate community discussion on when, where and how this should be done.

Stakeholder analysis includes all groups with interests, both winners and losers, if they exist, and those involved or excluded from the decision-making process.