These innovations represent
an important opportunity to locate control over resources at
the level of affected communities.
They are, however, based on
the assumption that the poorest communities will be able to exercise
effective demand over these funds, and be able to negotiate their
own interests with powerful bureaucracies and service providers.
This is probably not a fair
assumption. Either the state or civil society has historically
played an important role in contributing to the community networking
and capacities which are needed to do this. Without these skills,
it is difficult for communities to identify their needs and suggest
suitable programmes, to make organized demands on the funds or
to monitor their use.
It is, however, important to
ensure that, even while they transfer capacities, neither civil
society nor the state take over the community role (Frigenti
et al., 1998).